Greek philosopher Aristotle proposed the interesting idea of a vital principle that guides the development, functioning or evolution of an organism or a hierarchy of beings. It was this vital principle that resulted in life-finding expression first unicellular and multi-cellular organisms, then as birds and animals, and ultimately as humans, as sapient and sentient beings.
According to Aristotelian theory, humans are the most evolved form of thinking and feeling beings so far. What is more, we alone have the potential to grow and evolve into the spiritual dimension.
But what precisely, if anything, sets us apart from other living creatures? Is it the faculty of reasoning? It does not and cannot teach us anything new. Socrates was a man, a mortal being. Therefore Socrates is mortal. You can see here that there is no new truth that the third and concluding statement expresses that is not clearly implied in the first two sentences. The conclusion of any piece of syllogistic reasoning does not enable us to learn anything new other than what is already contained in its premise. You have the same limitation with inductive logic where you arrive at general truths from particular examples.
The mind grasps reality by establishing relationships between entities that it perceives newly and the perception that it carries from the past. Psychologists and neurologists explain that the human brain is large because a major part of the cerebrum is concerned with associating different perceptions and memories.
The distinguishing feature of human lies in our capacity for self-awareness. Other living creature may have the ability to perform a greater variety of tasks, or may have developed superior sensibilities in certain areas. But we alone have the capacity to look at ourselves and be aware of ourselves.
We can attain knowledge. But what is unique about us is that we can also get to know how we could attain that knowledge. A human beings is like a computer that can see how it has been programmed and thereby transcend the programming itself.
We have convinced ourselves that the array of living beings in the universe makes up a neat hierarchy. At the pinnacle of the hierarchy is the human being and that makes us a unique species. That is why we owe pious duty of saving this earth, Universe and all tangible and non-tangible species present and we must resolve to do our best to accomplish this duty.
Be Happy – We must save ourselves and all the species by protecting our environment, improving it further. And for that, we need to recognize ourselves as Unique Creation by God.